Situated about an hour’s drive to the north of Amman, Jerash is one of the main tourist sites in Jordan. The site was already inhabited during the neolithic period and then grew during the reign of Alexander the Great around 322 B.C.
After various different rulers, the city was regained by the Roman general Pompey the Great in 63 B.C. It then received the caravans of traders transporting goods such as silk and spices. With each change of ruler, the city developed architecturally. But from the 3rd century A.D., the city began to decline. Sea trade routes replaced the trading caravans.
In 750 A.D. an earthquake contributed to the destruction of Jerash which began to disappear little by little under the sands. Which explains its good state of preservation when it was rediscovered in 1806. Allow half a day to visit Jerash. You will be able to appreciate the history and the architecture better if you use a guide.